Editor's note: "Old Sportsman-From Anti-US Aid Korea to Fighting Sports" is the first topic of the National Sports General Administration's "Old Sportsman Propaganda Cultural Project". We carefully sorted out the deeds of 26 veteran comrades who participated in the war against the United States and Aid Korea in the General Administration system, taking into account factors such as epidemic prevention and control and the physical condition of the personnel, interviewed 6 people on the spot, collected 8 videos online, and consulted a lot of text materials and collected a lot of history The photos form this group of special reports. During the interview, we deeply felt the fearless revolutionary spirit of the veterans and comrades of the Volunteer Army and their dedication to sports. On the occasion of commemorating the 70th anniversary of the Chinese People's Volunteers going abroad to fight the United States and Aid Korea, this report only pays the highest respect to the veterans and comrades of the Volunteers who are brave and tenacious, sacrificed their lives, and defended the country!
"Resisting U.S. Aid Korea is really a'millet plus rifle'. The small artillery carried it on his back, got a cannon and horse to carry a mule, and killed the horse. It was very difficult to eat or drink. There were so many casualties, it was very difficult. It was tragic and the war was painful. However, the volunteer soldiers were very strong under the leadership of Chairman Mao of the Party Central Committee." Niu Zhenhua, a 90-year-old former deputy researcher of the Comprehensive Department of the State Sports Commission, said when he recalled the War to Resist US Aggression and Aid Korea.
Niu Zhenhua joined the army in 1948. In October 1950, he joined the first batch of volunteers to resist the US and aid Korea. "We were still wearing single clothes in October after arriving in North Korea. We did not change into cotton-padded clothes in December. The Americans controlled and cut off our logistics supply, and all weapons, ammunition, and food were out of supply."
牛振华于1948年参军。1950年10月，他加入了第一批抗美援朝志愿军。 “到达朝鲜后，十月份我们仍然穿着单身衣服。十二月份我们没有换成棉衣服。美国人控制并切断了我们的后勤供应，所有武器，弹药和食物都没有供应。 ”
Niu Zhenhua is in the regiment's health team, there is no such thing as the rear, and he will be rescued with the troops in the front. During the daytime, under the close surveillance and bombing of the US Air Force, the Volunteers had difficulty in operations, and they always acted at night. "I once had a meal in the afternoon and felt that the angle of the aircraft shells was not straight down, so I felt that it was okay to hide in the corner of the house, and I would not go to the air-raid shelter. As a result, after six or seven minutes, four or five bombers came and dropped more than ten meters away When the bomb was thrown, the house was blown up, and there was no way out of the dust and smoke. The table in the house was against the wall. I was under the table and then I touched it out."
A North Korean woman encountered while searching for air-raid shelters left a deep impression on Niu Zhenhua. "I found the air-raid shelter when I heard her cry. When I went in and asked her how she could speak Chinese, she burst into tears and choked for several minutes before speaking. I knew she was a comfort woman in the Japanese army." Marching in North Korea, Niu Zhenhua rarely saw young and middle-aged people, most of whom were elderly.
Niu Zhenhua returned to Tianjin in June 1951 and was catching up with the army to choose a pilot. "At that time, we did not have pilots. We asked Soviet experts to train pilots in Jinzhou. At that time, the selection of pilots in the army failed to complete the task, and the selection of pilots from the cadres made me selected." Niu Zhenhua's connection with flight laid the groundwork for entering the sports system. "In 1956, Liu Shaoqi visited the Soviet Union. The Soviet Union established the National Defense Sports Association. After we came back, we also established the National Defense Sports Association. The National Defense Sports Association established an aviation club to engage in international and domestic competitions, including flying, parachuting, and gliding. I was in charge of flying in aviation. Until the merger with the Sports Commission in 1958."
牛振华于1951年6月返回天津，正赶上部队选择飞行员。 “当时我们没有飞行员。我们要求苏联专家在锦州培训飞行员。当时，军队中选拔飞行员未能完成任务，而从干部中选拔飞行员也使我入选。 ”牛振华与飞行的关系为进入体育系统奠定了基础。 “ 1956年，刘少奇访问了苏联。苏联成立了国防体育协会。回来后，我们还成立了国防体育协会。国防体育协会成立了一个航空俱乐部，从事国际国内包括飞行，跳伞和滑翔在内的各种比赛。我负责航空飞行。直到1958年与体育委员会合并。”
Zhang Jinzhong, born in April 1938, joined the DPRK as a member of the Chinese People’s Volunteers in February 1957. "After joining the army, he was directly drawn to North Korea. When we got on the bus, we knew that we were going to North Korea. After getting off the train, the car was pulled directly to about 10 kilometers north of the 38th line, where they performed missions and garrisoned troops there. As a recruit, they carried out military training for about three months." When talking about the prosperous years of entering the DPRK, Zhang Jinzhong was calm. Tell the story.
"Although there was a truce at the time, there were often minor frictions. For example, we stood guard at night. Now our guards are usually alone, but not at that time. The guards had to stand back to back, maybe I'll get you away. The enemy. I don’t know where to touch it. It’s very dangerous. Some people won’t be there the next day.” Seeing Weizhi’s work, the battlefield is still thrilling. Zhang Jinzhong said, “North Korea is in the area north of the 38th parallel. It is full of mountains. Our volunteers The barracks were built in the middle of various ravines. The conditions were very difficult. There were stones everywhere. The barracks were built with stones by ourselves, and there was nothing else. For example, drinking water, except for some soup during meals, the rest of the time There is no water to drink, let alone boil some boiling water."
After the training of the recruits, Zhang Jinzhong returned to China to continue studying radio communications and reconnaissance work. One year later, the Chinese People's Volunteers all withdrew from North Korea and returned to the motherland. Zhang Jinzhong stayed in China to continue his military service as a correspondent. In 1960, Zhang Jinzhong came to work in the former National Sports Commission and devoted himself to national defense sports. He said: "At that time, the National Defense Sports Association was established, and the sports of various arms are reflected in it, such as radio clubs, sailing clubs, aviation clubs, etc., I was in the radio direction finding team of the Radio Club. At that time, our national defense sports were very common. We popularized young people, cultivated military awareness and project training. There were all three arms, land, sea and air, and it was very lively. It is of great significance to raise awareness of national defense and cultivate reserve military personnel."
In May 1998, Zhang Jinzhong retired as the former Assistant Inspector of the Department of Finance and Economics of the State Sports Commission. Speaking of building a strong country in sports, Zhang Jinzhong said: "Our country’s sports industry is now booming and getting better and better, which has a great impact on improving the country’s reputation. As a new generation of sports people, we must follow the instructions of General Secretary Xi Jinping. It is required to continue to do a good job in sports, the country will become stronger and stronger, and sports will also become stronger and stronger, so that people's lives will be happier."
Jia Junde, born in September 1936, was a student of No. 35 High School in Beijing before joining the army. He mentioned the reason for joining the army. He recalled: "After the Korean War of Resistance to America and Aid Korea, my Chinese teacher and class teacher spent a week in class to teach us After writing "Who is the Loveliest Person" written by Wei Wei, the students were very passionate and expressed their willingness to join the Chinese People’s Volunteers to resist US aggression and aid Korea, and contribute their youth to the defense of the motherland. At this time, the head of the 68th Military and Cultural Industry Corps of the Volunteers came to Beijing to recruit new soldiers. Go to various cultural centers to select people. Because my family lived near the Fourth Cultural Center in Qianmen District at that time and often participated in some activities, I was selected and became a glorious volunteer recruit."
In July 1953, Jia Junde, as a member of the Chinese People's Volunteer Army 68th Army Cultural and Industrial Corps, crossed the Yalu River in a stuffy tanker carrying supplies and arrived in North Korea. The experience of tempering blood and fire made Jia Junde unforgettable for life. "At that time, American reconnaissance planes were often used for reconnaissance. We had antiaircraft artillery positions. As soon as the reconnaissance planes came, we all fired antiaircraft artillery. The sky was full of little white flowers, and the bold soldiers went out to look at the tunnel. Art soldiers, the troops trained me to play the cello and participate in some performances, such as a party with the Korean People’s Army. We all went to participate, and also represented the military party committee to send pennants to the heroic troops who had done meritorious service.
Jia Junde said: "In fact, I was just an ordinary recruit in the North Korean volunteer army, but the army I was in was a heroic army. When it comes to the'surprise attack on the White Tiger regiment', the people all over the country should know that the regiment that has been captured so far The flag is still on display in the military museum. I am honored to be in such a heroic army and I will always pay tribute to these heroes.
Jia Junde came to the former State Sports Commission in 1986 and retired from the post of Deputy Secretary of the Party Committee in 1998. He said: "The times are developing very fast. I have retired for more than 20 years. Sometimes I feel that I can't keep up with the rapid changes in the country. However, I think that no matter how the society develops, the most fundamental thing about the mission of sports people is what Chairman Mao Zedong said: “Develop sports and enhance the people’s physique”. We must follow Chairman Mao’s call to become a sports power. Under the leadership of General Secretary Xi Jinping, we must carry forward the spirit of our old sportsmen and develop our sports career to be more magnificent and stronger."
It became the obsession of the young Guo Jinling to be a soldier wholeheartedly, want to go to the battlefield to confront the enemy, and become a soldier. In order to serve as a soldier, he made all his efforts, embarked on a new journey of life with the encounter, experienced the end of the War of Resisting the United States and Aid Korea, and entered the sports system. Guo Jinling, the 82-year-old former deputy director of the Supervision Bureau of the State Sports Commission, recalled the past and expressed emotion in his life.
Guo Jinling was originally an accountant in an agricultural society. He was selected as the representative of the school-age youth of the township government. He participated in the representative conference of the school-age youth held by the county government. After the mobilization of the meeting, he immediately wrote a blood book "Resolutely serve as a soldier" to show his will. In the end, he passed the medical examination before enlisting in the army and joined the army in December 1956. In January 1957, he crossed the Yalu River to aid Korea in a stuffy tanker pretending to be loaded with sorghum rice. "Someone will check it in the middle of the way. We were afraid that we would be caught making a noise, so we opened our backpacks to cover ourselves and did not dare to make any noise. So we arrived in North Korea."
After arriving in North Korea, Guo Jinling thought that he would be on the battlefield and was ready to sacrifice. "At that time, I went there with the belief that I would die for a lifetime. I didn’t know that the armistice had ended. After I went there, I would usually train in the recruit company for combat readiness. Beware of the U.S. counterattacks and support the North Korean people for peace building. Once said that the spies came, we did not send out. "It is Guo Jinling’s most regrettable thing that he did not participate in the battle. Although he has won many honors in his future life, he did not. Military merit has always been a pity for him as a soldier.
Recalling his days in North Korea, Guo Jinling still remembers that he was so nervous that he was shaking when speaking on behalf of all recruits at the recruit company. "I also acted in a drama in the recruit company, called catching up with the United States and Britain. I played the British prime minister, wearing a paper hat. I also designed to deliberately fall when'China' chased us. This caused everyone to laugh. I was still fainting when I accidentally fell down while practicing on parallel bars in combat readiness training. Fortunately, I woke up again after one hour and forty minutes. From then on, I had the sequelae of fainting from time to time and fell a lot.
In June 1971, the whole army selected and transferred troops to the sports system. Guo Jinling was selected by the military region to come to the Sports Committee. "At that time, there were two tasks, one was to restore the training of the sports team, and the other was to assign the leadership team who had been rehabilitated from Tunliu to complete the task. Later, I was supposed to return to the army, but at that time the National Sports Commission mobilized me to stay. After thinking about it, I decided to stay and serve as the deputy leader of the national volleyball team."
"Joining the army has changed my life. I am a cadre who was promoted in the army. My destiny was changed in the army. Afterwards, I entered the sports system because of my destiny." Guo Jinling said.
Before retirement, 92-year-old Fu Shengcai was the former Director of the Second Division of the Foreign Aid Office of China Sports International Economic and Technical Cooperation Corporation. He is also a veteran who has experienced many battles, participated in the War to Resist US Aggression and Aid Korea, and withstood the baptism of war. In March 1951, Fu Shengcai's troops crossed the Yalu River to North Korea. Wherever they went, they saw the devastation caused by the war. "As soon as they crossed the Yalu River, shells were everywhere, and we went from peace to war. After more than 20 days, they were still in ruins. "
退休前，现年92岁的傅圣才曾任中国体育国际经济技术合作公司对外援助办公室第二处处长。他还是经验丰富的退伍军人，曾参加过抗美援朝战争和援助朝鲜战争，并经受了洗礼。 1951年3月，傅圣才的部队越过鸭绿江到达朝鲜。无论他们走到哪里，都看到战争造成的破坏。 “当他们越过鸭绿江时，到处都是炮弹，我们从和平走向战争。二十多天后，他们仍然一片废墟。”
In 1952, Fu Shengcai's 15th Army participated in the "Shangganling Battle" in the annals of history. In the battle of Shangganling, Fu Shengcai served as a member of the battlefield team and participated in the war in Shangganling for 43 days. The'banner' was re-selected and deployed, and troops were added to'Shangganling' to persist until the final victory.
Fu Shengcai felt deeply about the fierceness of the war. At the beginning of October, the battle of Shangganling started. In the face of the enemy's continuous offensive, the 15th Army garrison where Fu Shengcai was located fought stubbornly. "During the day, the enemy used a large number of troops to carry out large-scale attacks and seize the surface position of our army. At night, our army counterattacked to regain the position with the cooperation of the tunnel troops. On October 19, the 45th Division made the decision to'do all it can to regain the position. Be fully prepared to attack and win all the highlands after a fierce battle."
傅圣才对这场战争的激烈性深有感触。 10月初，上干岭战役开始。面对敌人的不断攻势，傅圣才所在的第十五集团军驻防顽固地作战。 “白天，敌人动用了大量部队进行大规模进攻，夺取了我军的水面阵地。晚上，我军在隧道部队的配合下反击夺回了阵地。10月19日，第45师决定尽一切可能重新夺回位置。在激烈的战斗之后，要做好充分准备，进攻并赢得所有高地。”
However, the victory of capturing the highlands is not yet tasteful in the future. On October 20th, the U.S. South Korean army under the cover of more than 30 bombers, more than 300 large-caliber artillery pieces and more than 40 tanks carried out a frantic counterattack against our army, repeatedly fighting for 40. More times. Due to the excessive casualties of our army and the lack of ammunition supply, we had to turn into the tunnel to continue the struggle.
"The battle in the tunnel is the beginning of the arduous. The enemy's artillery fire is tightly sealed and almost cut off the supply of soldiers. Food and bombs cannot be supported, the wounded cannot be evacuated, and the remains of the martyrs cannot be buried. The air is insufficient and the situation is extremely difficult. The tunnel is severely lack of water. The biscuits were too dry to eat, and some soldiers drank urine. The roof and walls of the tunnel were poured out, and some licked and sucked a little."
On November 5, the 45th Division, covered with gunpowder, withdrew from the battle, and the defense was replaced by the 31st Division of the 12th Army. The 45th Division fought in Shangganling for 23 days and nights. The arduous struggle in the tunnels greatly destroyed the bodies of the soldiers. When walking out of the tunnel, many people suffered from color blindness, night blindness and rheumatism, and more soldiers stayed in Shangganling forever.
Fu Shengcai said: "The reform and opening up China has ushered in great development. Under the brilliance of the party, the people's life is getting better and better. I hope that young people now cherish the good time, contribute wisdom and strength to the country, and safeguard China's reform and opening up.
"Why should I join the War to Resist US Aggression and Aid Korea? I have escaped twice. The Japanese devils invaded our hometown and we suffered a lot, so I said that we must not let future generations suffer such suffering again. Such a big country, with a population of more than 400 million, Japan The devils actually beat up our country’s wives, wives, and families. Join the army!” Wu Lucheng, a former investigator of the International Department of the State Sports Commission, was born in August 1924 and was a student of the second phase of the 1950 East China Revolutionary University (now Shanghai International Studies University) , After the beginning of the Anti-US Aid Korea in 1951, Wu Lucheng responded to the national call and resolutely joined the Chinese People’s Volunteers as a college student from school. After going to North Korea, Wu Lucheng became a member of the Korean Language Task Force due to his professional knowledge of English and served as an English translator in the 15th Army of the Volunteer Army.
Speaking of the decision at the time, 96-year-old Wu Lucheng was still very excited and said: "My father died when I was two years old. My mother worked hard to raise us. According to the saying, I could not leave my mother when I was in college, but as a passionate youth in the country, what? If I can bear the country’s bullying, escape and suffer again, I said no. I discussed with my brother: “You’re at home and I’m going to North Korea, just say I’m going to work in another place without telling my mother!’”
Wu Lucheng’s 15th Army was a heroic unit in the Battle of Shangganling. A number of heroes such as Huang Jiguang, Sun Zhanyuan, Qiu Shaoyun have emerged one after another. The multiple escapes on the battlefield make him still remember when he thinks about it, "The enemy bombed our commander." In the Ministry, the plane bombed the sky like a wheel war. The guards were more alert and organized us to move to the nearby pyre and escaped. The conditions for the soldiers in the fifth battle and the Shangganling battle were very difficult, and our supplies could not be shipped. , The enemy’s aircraft bombarded indiscriminately, we persisted in the defense in the tunnel, and finally won the battle."
In 1954, Wu Lucheng withdrew from the Korean battlefield and came to work in the former National Sports Commission in 1965. He also used his major to edit English-Chinese/Chinese-English dictionaries of football, track and field, shooting, and reviewed 28 sports items such as table tennis, badminton, and basketball. The comprehensive textbook. "In the past, when we watched other countries raise their flags, we could only stare. I was very angry and guilty, and felt that I could do more. Now the country is transforming from a sports power to a sports power, and our national flag is also growing on the international stage. More and more come and rise, I hope I can do a little bit more in the journey of a sports power, burn myself with a little bit of strength, illuminate others, and have no regrets and no regrets in my life." Wu Lucheng said.
Ma Bingqin General Administration Office
Guo Jinling General Administration
Office of Wu Lucheng General Administration
Zhang Jinzhong General Administration
Zhang jin中general administration
Jia Junde General Administration Organization
Niu Zhenhua General Administration
Yang Suqin Winter Sports Management Center
Liu Tiancheng Bicycle Fencing Sports Management Center
Jia Chengxiang aviation radio model movement management center
Gaoqi Qinhuangdao training base
G傲气Q in黄岛training base
Li panlin Qinhuangdao training base
lip an LINQ in黄世界杯买球规则岛training base
Li Ruhuai Qinhuangdao training base
l IR U坏Q in黄岛training base
Wang Wuzhai Anyang aviation sports school
Wang W U债A那样aviation sports school
Weipuming Anyang aviation sports school
Wei PU名A那样aviation sports school
Xia Shaoji Anyang aviation sports school
ξ as好几A那样aviation sports school
Meng Fanxing Beijing Sport University
Gao yinshou, Beijing Sport University
G凹印绶, Beijing sport university
Bai Xianyu Beijing Sport University
Fu Shengcai China Sports International Economic and Technical Cooperation Co., Ltd.
Gao Yuting China Sports International Economic and Technical Cooperation Co., Ltd.
Yang Desheng Chengdu glider company
yang D E升C横渡glider company
Zhao Yuhai Shenyang glider factory
Zhao Yuh AIS很痒glider factory
Xue shanxiao Shenyang glider factory
X UE扇小S很痒glider factory