Among the successive coaches of the Chinese women's volleyball team, Chen Zhonghe was the least known one. I started as a coach and never joined the national team as an athlete. It was such a coach with a "bad background" who took over the Chinese women's volleyball team in times of difficulty and created the "golden generation". After 17 years, the Chinese women's volleyball team was once again on the world championship podium.
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21:23. Chen Zhonghe's right hand is always on the yellow button on the side of the chair, ready to change or call a timeout.
With a big score of 1:2 behind, with two points left, the Russian team can end the game. "Game is over." The English commentary has announced the ending in advance. This is a difficult game to play, but no one thought it would be so difficult. Before ushering in this dangerous score, the difference between China and Russia rarely exceeded 2 points, and there have been more than 40 ties on the court. In the first game, the Chinese team even lost at 28:30.
The score before him made Chen Zhonghe and his Chinese team stand on the edge of a cliff. The Russian team's main attacker Gamova served the ball. After a pass was in place, Feng Kun and Zhou Suhong cross-coordinated and slammed the ball on the opponent's floor. At 22:23, Chen Zhonghe hesitated for half a second, and left the yellow button. He got up and walked to the sidelines, just standing without saying a word. Immediately afterwards, the Chinese team scored 3 points in a row, won the life-saving round with 25:23, and pulled themselves back from the cliff.
Even if he is behind 0:2, he has been laughing. When guiding on the sidelines, use eyes and gestures more than words. This is in stark contrast to the style of the head coach of the Russian team Nicolas Karpoli. After more than two hours of the game, the roar of Karpoli echoed throughout the arena.
In the deciding game, the 162-square-meter volleyball court seemed to be the size of a track and field court. Every time a ball was won, the six Chinese team members rushed to celebrate on the court. The Russian team seemed to be crushed by this momentum, the players were quiet, and Calpoli no longer roared on the sidelines. Chen Zhonghe was still smiling, and sometimes stretched out a hand to hint the team members to hold on.
In the end, with Zhang Yuehong's strong spike, 15:12, the Chinese team made a big turnaround. After 20 years, they won the Olympic champion again in Athens.
At the 2004 Athens Olympics, the Chinese women's volleyball team regained the Olympic championship after 20 years (Picture｜Vision China)
在2004年雅典奥运会上，中国女排20年后重新获得了奥运会冠军（图片｜ Vision China）
The final whistle sounded, and Chen Zhonghe finally didn't just smile. He ran into the field and hugged the team members who were out of control, laughing and crying, crying and laughing, and couldn't stop. Waiting for the award, he, Xu Li, the director of the Volleyball Management Center, and Li Quanqiang, the team leader, went to the stadium to smoke cigarettes. There was a green area in front of him. When he looked up, his eyes were full of stars. The three of them couldn't talk, and they started crying before they even spoke. They couldn't light up the cigarette. They were too excited and their hands shook badly.
"A classic in the history of volleyball, an incredible game." It was not Chen Zhonghe who told me this peak moment, but Xu Li, director of the front row management center. If Chen Zhonghe mentioned the game, his story was much thinner, with a smile still on his face, exactly the same as when he was behind 21:23.
"Drink some tea!" This is almost a must-go procedure for chatting with Chen Zhonghe. Every interviewee who has intersection with him mentioned it to me.
I saw Chen Zhonghe in his hometown of Fuzhou. The damp air was mixed with the aroma of grass leaves, and the entire Fufei Road was full of young banyan trees. Chen Zhonghe liked the banyan tree since he was a child, because it is not afraid of drought or flood, and its vitality is particularly tenacious. The tea room borrowed from a friend is in the courtyard of a hot spring hotel on Fufei Road. There are also several big banyan trees in the courtyard.
Two friends from Zhangzhou came into the tea room with us. Zhangzhou is where Chen Zhonghe was born. Even though he rarely goes back to live long after he is 20, he still has many friends there.
Chen Zhonghe took over the women's volleyball national team in 2001 and led the "golden generation" he created to regain the world championship after 17 years (photo by Jia Rui)
He kept making tea while chatting, from the Pu'er produced in the 90s to the 80s. My friend brought the hairy crabs and the news that Zhangzhou might build a volleyball park. "Now we don't pay much attention to these." Three years ago, Chen Zhonghe stepped down as the deputy director of the Fujian Provincial Sports Bureau. Now he has no officials and cares more about Kung Fu tea and golf.
In 2009, he ended his eight-year career as the head coach of the women's volleyball team. He did not choose to stay in Beijing. Instead, he returned to his hometown of Fujian where he could see banyan trees everywhere. In his early years, he had to take the banyan tree bonsai with him when he was training and playing games. Finally it can be safely placed at home. "There is nothing wrong with it. I will switch over soon." During the years as the deputy director, his burden was not light. He was in charge of 12 sports centers including volleyball, water and weightlifting. The women's volleyball base was also in his Zhangzhou base. Jurisdiction. When he was a coach, he would even take part in warm-up activities, but he let go when he was a leader.
"Xiao Chen's guidance"
Xu Li was also inferior to Chen Zhonghe's management ability, but he was very thankful that he did not miss this "extraordinarily smart person".
For a long period of time in 2000, Xu Li could not sleep with anxiety. In the 2000 Sydney Olympics, the Chinese women's volleyball team only finished fifth. Head coach Hu Jin stepped down under pressure, and the new coach was not available. "Who will choose? What should I do?" Everyone was waiting for him to speak.
One day, Chen Zhong and Xu Li went to chat with Xu Li's office. They were worried and sat smoking cigarettes. "If you can't be guided by Hu, I think it will do." Xu Li remembered that Chen Zhonghe suddenly said such a sentence, and he didn't catch it. "What did you say?" He asked again. "If Guidance Hu can't work, I'm most suitable." When Xu Li heard this, it seemed that a beam of light suddenly shot into the room that had been dark for a while, and the whole person became energetic.
有一天，陈忠和徐莉去了徐莉的办公室聊天。他们很担心，坐着抽烟。 “如果你不能受到胡的指导，我认为它会做到的。”徐立记得陈忠和突然说出了这样一句话，他没有听清楚。 “你说什么？”他再次问。 “如果指导胡不能工作，我最合适。”当徐丽听到这个消息时，似乎有一束光突然射入了昏暗了一段时间的房间，整个人都变得精力充沛。
This is the first time he has associated the name "Chen Zhonghe" with the head coach of the women's volleyball team, "but the more I think about it, the more I feel it fits."
Not a celebrity coach, even the coaching experience of the national team coach. As an athlete, the peak period is the substitute of the Fujian Men's Volleyball Team. He has not even entered the national team. Compared with coaches such as Yuan Weimin, Lang Ping, and Hu Jin, their background and qualifications are too unconvincing.
Xu Li quickly re-examined Chen Zhonghe in his mind.
In the early years, there was no free man in the rules of volleyball. This man who was born in 1957 and was less than 1.8 meters tall could not become the top volleyball player. In the 1950s and 1960s, Fujian Province was a strong volleyball province in China, and Zhangzhou City, where Chen Zhonghe was born, played several national players. The "Cultural Revolution" delayed a generation, and Chen Zhonghe also went to the countryside. But if the national players were not decentralized at that time, he would not have met Xu Lianpu and Lin Yaming successively in the basic stage, and he would practice solidly. Basic skills.
Because the back row, first pass and serve skills are good, in 1977, "little man" Chen Zhonghe was promoted from the second team of Fujian Men's Volleyball Team to the first team. That Fujian team is the strongest in history, with major national team players such as Wang Jiawei, Zheng Zongyuan and Xu Zhen.
It is the first time many people know that the name "Chen Zhonghe" is in Lu Guang's reportage "Chinese Girl". He is a "lady in the daughter country", often wearing a purple-red ladies sportswear, playing with the girls on the court, and is called by everyone "instructed by Xiao Chen" and "instructed by Xiao Chen".
In 1979, Chen Zhonghe received a transfer order for a 45-day appointment. Yuan Weimin’s reorganization of the Chinese women’s volleyball team needs a few male accomplices, and there are many requirements. The height and body must be similar to the female players. The five core volleyball skills of "sending, passing, buckling, blocking, and pad" must be excellent, and they have to be smart. , Can imitate masters of various countries. "I am the first person selected by Yuan Weimin." Chen Zhonghe said.
1979年，陈忠和收到了为期45天的聘用令。袁为民对中国女排的重组需要几个男同谋，并且有很多要求。身高和身体必须与女性球员相似。 “发送，通过，屈曲，阻挡和垫住”五个排球核心技能必须非常出色，而且必须精明。 ，可以模仿各国大师。 “我是袁伟民选出的第一人。”陈忠和说。
Chen Zhonghe instructs the main attacker Wang Yimei to train (Photo courtesy of China Sports Photo)
It was the first and the only one left. After the 45-day transfer order expired, Yuan Weimin did not let him go. Those days of escort were not easy. At that time, Hu Jin was a Chinese men's volleyball player and often trained in Zhangzhou with the women's volleyball team. "It's just him who accompanies him. He needs to fight on offense, defense and physical training. The amount of training guided by Yuan is still huge, and it is not easy to survive." But Hu Jin felt that Chen Zhonghe was enjoying it. "Bitterness is bitterness, and I will also enjoy it." At a young age, Chen Zhonghe liked to drink tea. It is not a good tea. Oolong tea is purely tea stems. He brought it back from his hometown and always invited Hu into the house to drink a few. "Playing poker, playing games, singing, especially good at playing." Hu Jin felt that to this day, Chen Zhonghe is still better at playing than he.
它是第一个也是唯一的一个。 45天的转让命令到期后，袁为民没有放过他。那些日子的陪伴并不容易。当时，胡锦是中国男排球员，经常在漳州与女排一起训练。 “只有他陪伴他。他需要在进攻，防守和体育锻炼上进行战斗。袁教授指导的训练量仍然很大，而且很难生存。”但是胡锦觉得陈中和很享受。 “苦是苦，我也会喜欢的。”陈仲和年轻时就喜欢喝茶。这不是好茶。乌龙茶是纯茶梗。他把它从家乡带回来，总是邀请胡进屋喝几杯。 “打扑克，玩游戏，唱歌，尤其擅长玩。”胡锦认为，直到今天，陈忠和的演奏水平还是比他高。
Yuan Weimin coached the women's volleyball team for eight years and won the "three consecutive championships." Chen Zhonghe went through the whole process. In those years, he used to accompany his team members to train during the day, and at night, he followed the replayed video tapes to study top foreign players. He studied the Japanese team’s Egami Yumi and Yokoyama Kuri, imitated the American team’s "half-beat" Hyman, like the Cuba team. Like Louise, he squatted and threw his fists... "Later, it was very helpful for me to study my opponent." Chen Zhonghe said.
Whether it was Hu Jin, Zhang Rongfang, or Lang Ping later, at that time, most of the head coaches of the Chinese women's volleyball team had personally experienced the "Yuan Weimin era", watching him train, manage, and learn from him on the spot. Chen Zhonghe not only experienced Yuan Weimin, he was also the assistant coach of Hu Jin and Lang Ping. While leaving the national team, he also led the Fujian women's volleyball team to a league championship. The coaching experience is not as rich as the previous ones, but not without.
After examining a whole circle, Xu Li thought of Chen Zhonghe's "smartness" again. "For so many years, except for the officials who are older than him, I have been suppressed by him, and I can't play with him." To make a bet, I would lose to him, and to play "Run Fast" (a kind of poker game) I would lose to him. Until many years later, I fell in love with golf together, and each time I still lost to him by five or six shots. "Speak well, touch it high, he said that if you can touch it, you will be able to touch it, you can't go wrong."
在考察了整个圈子之后，徐莉再次想到了陈忠和的“聪明”。 “这么多年来，除了比他大的官员外，我一直被他压制，我不能和他一起玩。”打赌，我输给他，玩“快跑”（一种扑克游戏），我输给他。直到很多年后，我才一起爱上了高尔夫球，每次我仍然以五六杆落败给他。 “说得好，将它高高触摸，他说，如果您可以触摸它，您将能够触摸它，那么您就不会出错。”
"It's also a coincidence. I also received one or two important calls that day, and both recommended Chen Zhonghe." After that day, Xu Li suddenly became clear about the choice of the national team coach.
Before taking office, Chen Zhonghe approached Xu Li again, and offered two conditions: "Give me time. I can’t just stay for a year. If I lose, I’ll be killed as soon as I lose. This is the case in the previous terms. Give me time. Right, the right to employ people, and the right to use coaches must be given. I have to have the right to open a player who is not performing well." Xu Li said, Chen Zhonghe was not humble or arrogant when making these requests, and he still laughed.
Xu Li also considered the "bad background". In his impression, Chen Zhong didn't talk much, and he was afraid that he would have no experience with reporters. Two days before the official announcement to the media, Xu Li first contacted several official media and conducted a round of interviews, which was regarded as a preview. "It turns out that I was too worried.
Feng Kun also saw this change. Before being selected for Chen Zhonghe's national team, she was also selected for Lang Ping's national team. At that time, Chen Zhonghe was an assistant coach. Feng Kun's impression of Director Chen is also clever. He has a lot of spooky ideas during physical training. He can always get along with the players, kick a ball, and play a game, and he often participates. "The head coach is the one who slapped the face, and Director Chen is the one who came up to give you sweet dates."
A few years later, at the Chenzhou training base, Chen Zhonghe was the head coach of the national team for the first time for a training camp. Feng Kun met Chen Zhonghe who had changed his status. "It's very different."
Chen Zhonghe (Picture｜Visual China)
Feng Kun worked very hard to listen to all these words, as did the main attacker Yang Hao. At first, the northerners in the team had difficulty listening to Mandarin with Chen Zhong and Fujian accent. "Fortunately, there is Zhou Suhong in the team, a southerner, who used to deal with Director Chen a lot and can be an interpreter for us." Feng Kun joked, "After so many years, the Mandarin of Director Chen is much better.
This caused great controversy at the time. "The media attacked me and attacked me for a year." Chen Zhonghe told me that under extreme pressure, he gave up some old players and put other old players on the bench. "I have to think about it for a long time. Young, aggressive, and in good physical condition, no training."
这在当时引起了很大的争议。 “媒体袭击了我，并袭击了我一年。”陈忠和告诉我，在极高的压力下，他放弃了一些老球员，把其他老球员放在板凳上。 “我必须考虑很长时间。年轻，积极进取，身体状况良好，无需任何训练。”
As soon as he took office, Chen Zhonghe formulated the new "National Women's Volleyball Management Rules", which the players called "27 Military Rules." Mobile phones cannot be brought into the training hall. They must be turned off after lunch break and 10 o’clock in the evening; partial eclipse, picky eaters, and blind weight loss are not allowed; they must be strictly punctual, and the monthly training fee will be deducted 100 yuan for every minute of late... All aspects of life and thought.
Compared with the previous coach, Chen Zhonghe has to face many new problems. Most of his new players were born around 1980, and they were the first generation of only children in China. They were all spoiled, unlike the old women's volleyball team who had suffered since childhood. Therefore, Chen Zhonghe found out the training videos of Yuan Weimin's period and showed these young girls the video of the old women's volleyball team training in the bamboo shed and crawling on the sanhe soil. They also brought everyone to the poorest countryside near the training base to experience it.
After the team wind stabilized, Chen Zhonghe used several old national team members like Wang Lina. "But the situation is completely different. A new atmosphere has taken shape. The old players have to integrate into this. If there are too many old players at the beginning, my management will be very difficult." This is obviously the management experience that Chen Zhonghe is quite proud of. , He smiled triumphantly when talking about this.
车队的风稳定下来后，陈忠和聘请了几位像王丽娜这样的国家老队员。 “但是情况完全不同。新的氛围已经形成。老玩家必须融入其中。如果一开始的老玩家太多，我的管理将非常困难。”这显然是陈忠和为之骄傲的管理经验。 ，他在谈论这个时洋洋得意地笑了。
Initially, when Yuan Weimin set up the national team, he followed the "three requirements and one big" training policy of Dasong Bowen, and the weekly training volume could reach 56 hours. "Management and training are still the methods of the old women's volleyball team. Yuan Weimin has a great influence on me."
"In the eight years I worked as a coach, all the training camps added up and I took a full day off. It was the Spring Festival of 2008. Other times, at most half a day, I might have to practice more in the evening. I really practiced hard." Sometimes I chatted with the players of the year. Chen Zhonghe will self-review and apologize to the players. Especially Zhao Ruirui, due to the limitations of medical cognition at the time, Zhao Ruirui's calf fatigue fracture did not receive due attention. During a training session before the 2004 Olympics, she suffered a severe fracture and almost failed to participate in the Olympics. Although he still went to Athens, the old injury recurred as soon as he played and missed all subsequent games. Chen Zhonghe has always felt responsible for this matter. Until now, whether it was a private gathering or a public event, he would say "I'm sorry" to Zhao Ruirui when he mentioned it.
Xu Li explained for Chen Zhonghe.
As soon as the new women's volleyball team had formed a team, Chen Zhonghe appointed Feng Kun as the deputy captain. At that time, Wu Yongmei, who was from the old women's volleyball team, was the captain. Feng Kun realized later that the meaning of this "deputy captain" was far from simple.
For a team without a superstar, the setter is particularly important. She will be the heart of the team's offense. The rhythm, change and organization on the court will all be controlled by the setter, and Feng Kun is the heart of this team.
In Xu Li's view, Lang Ping has advantages in concepts and team structure. The early years of coaching experience in Italy and the United States exercised her ability to quickly integrate resources and maximize team strength in the short term.
Responsibility and emotion
Despite possessing the sword of Shangfang, Chen Zhonghe often faced doubts in the early stage of coaching. He was considered a "transitional candidate", and the call for "dismissal of get out of class" reached its peak after the "ball-fixing storm".
At the end of August 2002, the World Women's Volleyball Championship was held in Germany. It was the first "three major events" Chen Zhonghe encountered in the 18 months since the team was formed. He wanted to get a good result so much that he even thought of the trick of "Tian Ji Horse Racing", using the rules to deliberately lose the games against Greece and South Korea, choosing easy opponents and sending the team to the semi-finals.
"This is the result of our collective research. Although I thought something might be wrong at the time, I didn't think much about it." Xu Li said. Later, he and Chen Zhonghe realized that the "reasonable utilization rule" seemed reasonable and was used in The problem may not be so big in other projects, but the Chinese women's volleyball team is the only one.
During the time when he was caught in the turmoil, not only Chen Zhonghe was under great pressure, but his family and the drainage management center were also under tremendous pressure of public opinion. The internal meetings were held one after another, and Chen Zhonghe and Xu Li, the head of the women's volleyball team for that match, also wrote a public review. "The training is as usual, and the emotions are okay. Although things are not right, I can see that Zhonghe's ability to withstand stress is very strong." Xu Li said.
In the biography of "Laughing to Life", Chen Zhonghe mentioned his birthday in 2002. The storm hasn't passed yet, although the training is still going on step by step, his state is somewhat depressed. On the fifteenth day of the eighth lunar month, he received a bunch of flowers, but he didn't know who sent it, so he hesitated when receiving it. Turning his head and entering the station, he found that all the women's volleyball players had gathered, cakes, paintings, handwritten blessing cards... all of a sudden piled in front of him. He almost forgot that it was his birthday.
In the sports team, it is not uncommon for players to celebrate their coach's birthday, but Chen Zhonghe was particularly moved by that birthday.
Whether for Xu Li or for the women's volleyball team, Chen Zhonghe values trust very seriously. After resigning in 2009, the national team encountered difficulties, and he had been approached, hoping that he would go back and become the head coach again. "I have been dealing with volleyball for forty to fifty years, I must have feelings, but in 2008 I took third place in the Olympics, which is considered to have completed the task. I am full of enthusiasm and want to continue, but the leadership does not trust me, it is difficult to start work without trust. I didn’t think it was necessary to bring it again later."
To this day, the women's volleyball team members of Chen Zhonghe's period must gather as long as they are free and go to Fuzhou to celebrate his birthday. "Tickets and gatherings are all about loyalty and Zhang Luo. He and his team members have a very good relationship. Whoever asks him for help will make him happy!"
On May 31, 2005, the International Women's Volleyball Classic was held in Dalian. China defeated Dominica 3-1. Get two consecutive victories. Chen Zhonghe is guiding the team members. (Picture｜Visual China)
More than a decade ago, the women’s volleyball team’s training and welfare conditions were much better than those during the “five consecutive championships” period, but there is still a considerable gap between today’s players’ extra commercial activities and endorsement income, sufficient funding and international equipment . When I went to interview Zhangzhou Women’s Volleyball Training Base, the director of the base Su Jianwu told me,
Xu Li remembered that one year when the women's volleyball team and the men's volleyball team went hiking together, he casually said, "Women's volleyball team cheers, and one person who can exceed the men's volleyball team will be rewarded with 1,000 yuan." As a result, the women's volleyball team was very competitive, surpassing six men's volleyball players. The next day, Xu Li went to the gym to watch the training. Chen Zhonghe smiled and asked, "What did the director say yesterday? You can't just talk about it. It's more than one person, 1000 yuan, you have to say what you say, and promise the team members. The matter must be fulfilled.” Xu Li forgot about this. Upon hearing this, he hurriedly called the platoon management center and asked the office to approve 6000 yuan for the activities of the women’s volleyball team.
At the end of the interview, Chen Zhonghe mentioned Hu Jin. "He has led the Fujian women's volleyball team for five or six years, and I was invited." That year, he officially replaced Hu Jin as the new national team coach. In 2014, Hu Jin retired from Lang Ping's national team coaching staff and received an invitation from Chen Zhonghe. "He said that the Fujian women's volleyball team needs a coach and wants me to pass." Hu Jin thought for a while, rejected another strong team and went to Chen Zhonghe's hometown of Fujian.
采访结束时，陈忠和提到了胡锦。 “他已经带领福建女排五六年了，我受到了邀请。”那年，他正式取代胡锦成为新的国家队教练。 2014年，胡锦从郎平的国家队教练组退休，并收到了陈忠和的邀请。 “他说福建女排需要教练，希望我通过。”胡锦思考了一会儿，拒绝了另一个强大的团队，然后去了陈忠和的家乡福建。
They rarely remember the past together, and most of the time they are busy with their own things. Every year at Chen Zhonghe’s birthday party, if he didn’t play outside, Hu Jin would also participate. Only at those times would the story of volleyball and the "golden generation" be endless.
(Reference material: "My Way of Coaching", Yuan Weimin; "Laughing to Life-Chen Zhonghe's Self-report", Chen Zhonghe and Chen Jigong; "Chinese Girl", Lu Guang. Trainee reporters Zhu Yelin and Liu Yueyang also comment on this article Contributed; thanks to Liu Yaru for helping with this article)